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[✓] Integrate a given symbolic limit of integration?

Posted 11 months ago
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Hi, I am new to Mathematica. Please advise how I can obtain the symbolic result of the following integral, where n is a positive integer and a is a real number. Thank you.

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4 Replies

You can use Simplify:

Simplify[Integrate[(2 x^2)/a Sin[n*Pi*x/a]^2, {x, 0, a}], 
 Element[n, Integers]]

or Assuming:

Assuming[Element[n, Integers], 
 Integrate[(2 x^2)/a Sin[n*Pi*x/a]^2, {x, 0, a}]]

Assumptions inside Integrate has no particular effect:

Integrate[(2 x^2)/a Sin[n*Pi*x/a]^2, {x, 0, a}, 
 Assumptions -> Element[n, Integers]]

With correct syntax:

In[2]:= Integrate[(2 x^2/a) Sin[n Pi x/a]^2, {x, 0, a}]

Out[2]= (a^2 (4 n^3 \[Pi]^3 - 
   6 n \[Pi] Cos[2 n \[Pi]] + (3 - 6 n^2 \[Pi]^2) Sin[
     2 n \[Pi]]))/(12 n^3 \[Pi]^3)
Posted 11 months ago

Thank you very much for your help, now solved. I had placed the assumptions inside the Integrate command [ ] and was getting the error message "Invalid integration variable or limit(s) in n "is a member of" Z". This error message did not clarify the situation for me!

"I had placed the assumptions inside the Integrate command [ ] and ..."

Which raises the question: Why was this code not indicated in the original post? If you do not provide actual code then (i) Nobody can diagnose for possible mistakes and (ii) everyone who wishes to work on the problem has to retype the input for themselves.

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