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Plot a specific branch of a multi-valued complex function?

GROUPS:

I want to plot a specific branch of the function $f(z) = \sqrt{z(z-1)}$ in the space $(x,y,w)$ where $x = \Re(z)$, $y = \Im(z)$ and $w = \Re(f(z))$.

Let $z = r_1 e^{i\theta_1}$ and $z-1 = r_2 e^{i\theta_2}$. We can then rewrite $f(z) = \sqrt{r_1 r_2} e^{i \frac{\theta_1+\theta_2}{2}}$. In theory, I can get a branch by specifying a constraint on $\arg(z) = \theta_1$ and $\arg(z-1) = \theta_2$ to the program. For example let's suppose $0 \leq \theta_1 < 2\pi$ and $-\pi \leq \theta_2 < \pi$.

Because I want to use $\theta_1$ and $\theta_2$ as parameters to ParametricPlot3D, I need to express $r_1$ and $r_2$ with respect to $\theta_1$ and $\theta_2$ :

Simplify[
            ExpToTrig[
               Solve[r2 Exp[I θ2] + 1 == r1 Exp[I θ1], Element[{r1, r2}, Reals]]], 
               {Element[{θ1, θ2}, Reals], 
            0 <= θ1 < 2 Pi, -Pi <= θ2 < Pi}][[1]]

It shows :

{r1 -> -Csc[θ1 - θ2] Sin[θ2], 
 r2 -> -Csc[θ1 - θ2] Sin[θ1]}

So I create new variables $r_1$ and $r_2$ :

r1 = -Csc[θ1 - θ2] Sin[θ2]
r2 = -Csc[θ1 - θ2] Sin[θ1]

I then define the function $f(z)$ :

f[θ1_, θ2_] = Sqrt[r1*r2]*Exp[I *(θ1 + θ2)/2]

Finally, I plot :

ParametricPlot3D[{r1 Cos[θ1], r1 Sin[θ1], Re[f[θ1, θ2]]}, {θ1, 0, 2 Pi}, {θ2, -Pi, Pi}, Mesh -> None, AxesLabel -> {x, y, z}]

enter image description here

My question : How come that the plot did not generate a single branch of the function? How can I solve this problem?

POSTED BY: dory nemo
Answer
19 days ago

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