Generate random points in a unit circle using a "For" loop?

Posted 4 months ago
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 I am new to Mathematica and I have a problem with the "For" statement. I am often in doubt where to place a "," or a ";".I am stuck with the following : I want to generate random points in a unit circle with the following function : randompunten[n_] := Module[{p = n, r, angle, lis, i}, lis = {}; For[i = 0; r = RandomReal[], angle = RandomReal[2 \[Pi]], i <= p; i++; lis = Append[lis, Point[{r Cos[angle], r Sin[angle]]}]]]; lis] The result is an empty lisNB : I just found out that this is not the right way but aside of that : what am I doing wrong in the code ? (When I do the Append statement outside the module things work fine .
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Posted 4 months ago
 The , (not the ;) separates arguments, and For needs to have precisely 4 arguments.If you are a beginner, I suggest you simply forget that For even exists, and use other constructs instead. For is never necessary, and it is very, very rarely the best option. See here for more details:https://mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/134609/why-should-i-avoid-the-for-loop-in-mathematicaThis post discusses precisely the type of problem you are trying to solve, so be sure to read through all of it. You can do the same with a shorter and faster Table.
Posted 4 months ago
 Thank you for your reply. I tried with the Do command and indeed no problem there.Chiel Geeraert
Posted 4 months ago
 randompunten[n_] := Module[{p = n, r, angle, lis, i}, lis = {}; For[i = 0, i < p, i++, {r = RandomReal[], angle = RandomReal[2 \[Pi]], lis = Append[lis, Point[{r Cos[angle], r Sin[angle]}]]}]; lis] {Graphics[{Red, randompunten[5], Blue, Circle[{0, 0}, 1]}], Graphics[{Red, randompunten[100], Blue, Circle[{0, 0}, 1]}]} 
Posted 4 months ago
 This really clears thing up for me. Thank you (and mr Horvat) very much for your comments.Chiel Geeraert
 Just for completeness: The function RandomPoint should at least be mentioned.