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Replacing functions and variables

Posted 4 months ago
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Say I have $f(x,y) + \partial_x f(x,y)$ e.g.

fun = f[x,y] + D[f[x,y],x]

I would like to use the substitution $f(x,y) \rightarrow \delta^2g(\delta x, \delta y)$ to get a new function. I have tried various things such as

fun /. {f[x, y] -> \[Delta]^2 g[\[Delta] x, \[Delta]y]}
fun /. {f -> \[Delta]^2 g}
fun /. {{f -> \[Delta]^2 g}, {x -> \[Delta] x}, {y -> \[Delta] y}}
fun /. {{f[x, y] -> \[Delta]^2 g[\[Delta] x, \[Delta]y]}, {D[f[x, y], 
 x] -> D[\[Delta]^2 g[\[Delta] x, \[Delta] y], x]}}

none of which produce the desired output of $\delta^2g(\delta x, \delta y) + \delta^3\partial_xg(\delta x, \delta y)$. The last(4th) attempt seems to be the closest, but the output is a two element list, with each element having a correct and incorrect term.

8 Replies

Use Function:

fun /. f -> Function[{x, y}, \[Delta]^2 g[\[Delta] x, \[Delta] y]]
Posted 4 months ago

Thanks!

Unless I missed something there should be d^2 next to the first term, or?

Here is what you can do:

fun /. f -> Function[{x, y}, d^2 g[ d x, d y]] 

or, less verbose

fun /. f -> ( d^2 g[ d #, d #2]& )

Why did your examples fail?

Nothing prevents D[f[x,y],x] from evaluation so it evaluates to Derivative[1, 0][f][x, y].

  • This is why your first example fails, it does not much it.
  • The second example does not work because you are replacing f, which is an operator with a product of \[Delta]^2 g where g was supposed to be an operator but how could MMA know it.
  • Same story with the third example, additionaly, if you have a list of list of replacements you will get a list. You should provide a flat list of rules to get one result only.

  • If you would've applied a flat list in the forth example, you'd get a correct result. But writing rules for each derivative is not something one would like to do. My solution avoids that because if you replace f in Derivative[...][f] with a function, Derivative will take care about applying the chain rule.

Posted 4 months ago

Thanks! Very helpful. Yes, there should be a d^2. I've edited it now.

Posted 1 month ago

On a related note, how would you substitute for a derivative? Say I have

fun = D[f[x, y, t], x] + D[f[x, y, t], {x, 2}] + D[f[x, y, t], {x, 3}]

and want to make the substitution $\partial_xf \rightarrow g$ so that fun goes from $$\partial_xf +\partial_{xx}f + \partial_{xxx}f$$ to $$g + \partial_xg + \partial_{xx}g. $$

This doesn't work:

fun /. D[f[x, y, t], x] -> (g[#, #2, #3] &)

and

fun /. f^(1,0,0)->(g[#,#2,#3]&)

only replaces the one derivative.

This will handle explicit derivatives:

fun /. Derivative[j_, 0, 0][f][x, y, t] -> Derivative[j - 1, 0, 0][g][x, y, t]

It won't take integrals though (should that be needed).

Posted 1 month ago

Say I have

fun = D[f[x,y],{y,2}]
F = Subscript[f, 1][x,y] + \[Delta]^2 Subscript[f, 2][x,y]

I want to replace f with F so I do

fun /. f -> F

which gives

((Subscript[f, 0][x,y]+\[Delta]^2 Subscript[f, 2][x,y]+\[Delta]^4 Subscript[f, 4][x,y])^(0,2))[x,y]

Why doesn't the expansion derivative get evaluated? E.g. why is the output $\partial_y^2(f_0 + \delta^2f_2+\delta^4f_4) $ instead of $\partial_y^2f_0 + \delta^2\partial_y^2f_2 + \delta^4\partial_y^2f_4$?

Subscript may format like Derivative. But it is an "inert" wrapper basically, conveying no mathematical content. How that plays out might be seen from looking at FullForm.

In[81]:= FullForm[fun = D[f[x, y], {y, 2}]]

(* Derivative[0, 2][f][x, y] *)

In[82]:= FullForm[
 F = Subscript[f, 1][x, y] + \[Delta]^2 Subscript[f, 2][x, y]]

(* Plus[Subscript[f, 1][x, y], 
 Times[Power[\[Delta], 2], Subscript[f, 2][x, y]]]*)

In[83]:= FullForm[fun /. f -> F]

(* Derivative[0, 2][
  Plus[Subscript[f, 1][x, y], 
   Times[Power[\[Delta], 2], Subscript[f, 2][x, y]]]][x,y] *)
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