The above is not Mathematica syntax. It is also not Latex. It is free hand format and hard to read. It is not clear what you wrote. is "kt" a parameter? or is it "k*t". If it is "k*t", what is "k"? a constant? does it have value? but f is a function of "x" and not "t" so it does not make sense to have "k*t" in there. so may be then "kt" is the constant? but then does "kt" have a value? and what is "I=0"? Is "I" used somewhere else? I do not see an "I" in the equation. Is "^l/2" in your equation an "^1/2"? Hard to read the "l" from a "1" on the screen. But you said that "I=0" before, so it can't be "^I" since that will make the whole thing 1 because anything to the power zero is 1 (except for 0^0), so it must be "1/2", but if so, why then say "I=0" before and not use it? You also say "n=0", then you have "x^n" in the equation. But "x^0" is 1. So why have it in there in first place? You also have 1/1+Exp[x-1], but 1/1 is 1? so why have it there?
Why not use valid Mathematica code? If you do not know the syntax of Mathematica, you can try Wolfram|Alpha, it should accept natural human input similar to what you have above. Or you can post an image of the equation from the book so it is clear what it is.
This is my best guess:
m = 3/2;
n = 0;
a = 2;
kt = 1;
f[x_] := 1/1 + Exp[x - 1]/(kt)
Integrate[-f'[x]*x^n*(x + a*x^2)^m*((1 + 2*a*x)^2 + 2)^1/2, {x, 0,Infinity}]
But this does not converge.