With Mathematica 12 it's very easy to import Stata files with the Import command. See: https://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/format/DTA.html
I am trying to read .dta with RLink as suggested by Seth but Mathematica doesn't seem to acknowledge the package I want to use.
I want to use the read.dta13 from the readstata13 package.
InstallR["RHomeLocation" -> "C:\\Program Files\\R\\R-3.4.1"]
Mathematica returns the following error: there is no package called 'readstata13'.
Am I missing a step after installing a package? Maybe I need to reference it before using it.