Thank you, Arnoud. I'm looking forward to it.
I have a Pi B+ up and running. My interest it a bit of a misuse. I think the main motivation for both the Pi and Wolfram on the Pi is to advocate and enable basic learning. My interest is somewhat different, but still a fun interest. I have used Mathematica for many years, and also done quite a lot of embedded microcontroller programming, most programming Atmel AVR devices in C. This of course provides excellent access to hardware, but offers very little in high level functions. And the development environment is code-simulate-crosscompile-download.
On the other hand, a Pi running Unix/Wolfram has access to hardware, can be programmed within the OS of the target machine, and has access to a rich library of functions. It's only real limitations are: 1) Linux isn't really a real-time OS so can only make limited commitments, and 2) While it's nice to be able to talk directly to an OS on the target machine, the Pi doesn't really have the power to make that convenient during development.
So, what I want to construct is an environment which includes both the Pi as the hardware controller and the PC as the interface and development environment. So if others are interested, here's what I have so far:
1) A Raspberry Pi B+. I followed the instructions on the "Raspberry Pi.org" to install just Raspbian. Install Raspbian Although I found on-line instructions for doing this headless, I connected keyboard and monitor to the Pi, but worked in console mode (not GUI).
2) I installed Putty on my Windows 7 PC. This is a client that allows a remote shell logon over a network to a Unix device. I found good instructions for that here. Install Putty Now I can RLogin to the Pi over the net.
3) I installed Samba to enable file sharing with my Windows 7 PC on my home network. This was confusing with some on-line instructions not working for me. But the instructions at this web site worked: install samba Now the Pi file system shows up on my network.
With this set up, the Pi lives in my study plugged into the local net. I can log in from my PC and work directly on the Pi. (I only work in console mode on the Pi.) I can work on the Pi in both Wolfram and Python. I can also work in Wolfram or Python on my Windows PC. The files I am accessing when I do that can be on my PC, or on the Pi. I can develop and test code in the PC or Pi environment, save it to the Pi, and execute it there. For example, I could develop Mathematica code to acquire a waveform, process it using high level functions in Mathematica, like Fourier, and when I like the code, move it to the Pi where it will still have access to Fourier and can run there. The only annoyance so far is that I have not found a really convenient way to save Mathematica code in a notebook as raw Wolfram language. (There is a way to do this by controlling package generation, but it would be nice if this were straightforward.)